Skip to main content

Centre for Robust Inference in a Digital Economy

Centre for Robust Inference in a Digital Economy

The Centre for Robust Inference in a Digital Economy (RIDE) was approved by Royal Holloway in October 2016. Its main area of research is robust inference as the basis for robust decision making in finance, economics, and other social sciences.

The emphasis is on the opportunities and challenges resulting from the digitalisation of society, e.g. big data availability, flash crashes and abuse in financial markets caused by algorithms,data integrity/fabrication of electronic surveys, etc.

We are interested in methods to conduct inference and making decisions which are nearly optimal in the face of considerable uncertainty and in ways to make various social networks of decision makers (such as financial markets) less fragile and prone to users' abuse.

Developing robust methods of prediction is also covered,as prediction can be fruitfully considered as a special case of both inference and decision making.

The basis of inference is data, and therefore we are also interested in data collection data processing, including data analysis and big-data technologies (such as MapReduce)and data distribution.

Here are some of our goals:

  • Developing robust methods of inference
  • Developing robust methods of decision making
  • Developing methods of making various social networks (including financial markets) less fragile
  • Defining and testing various regulations and policy mechanisms to make society immune from treats  that arise implicitly or explicitly in the digital economy using data and economic experiments.

Current Events:

Past Events:

  • High Dimensional Econometrics, 12 March 2020 (Cancelled)

  • Machine Learning in Finance, 26 November 2019

  • Advances in Factor Models for Finance , 7 December 2018

Financial Industry Advisory Board:

  • Katharina Schwaiger (Managing Director, Blackrock)
  • Giuliano De Rossi (Executive Director, Goldman Sachs)
  • Rodrigo Dupleich (Managing Director, UBS)

Read more

RIDE is a joint venture  between our Departments of Computer Science and Economics.


Professor Alessio Sancetta (Economics) 

Professor Vladimir Vovk (Computer Science)

Dr Gregory Chockler (Computer Science)

Professor Francesco Feri (Economics)

Professor Alex Gammerman (Computer Science)

Dr Yuri Kalnishkan (Computer Science)

Dr Zhiyuan Luo (Computer Science)

Dr Michael Naef (Economics)

Professor Michael Spagat (Economics)

Professor Kostas Stathis (Computer Science)

Professor Chris Watkins (Computer Science)

Professor Klaus Ritzberger (Economics)

Dr Jungyoon Lee (Economics)


Miss Raisa Dzhamtyrova, supervised by Yuri Kalnishkan

Mr Valery Manokhin, supervised by Vladimir Vovk and Alessio Sancetta

Mr Luca Mucciante, supervised by Alessio Sancetta and Vladimir Vovk

Mr Philip Nadler, supervised by Mike Spagat and Zhiyuan Luo

Mr Ivan Petej, supervised by Vladimir Vovk

The following are key publications on the topics of robust inference and decision making by RIDE's members. More publications are to appear shortly.

Publications by Alex Gammerman

Gammerman, A. and V. Vovk (2007). Hedging predictions in machine learning (with discussion). Computer Journal, Vol. 50, No. 2, p. 151-163.

Nouretdinov, I., T. Bellotti, and A. Gammerman (2014). Diagnostic and prognostic by conformal predictors. In: Conformal Predictions for Reliable Machine Learning: Theory, Adaptations and Applications (ed. by V. Balasubramanian, S.-S. Ho, and V. Vovk), p. 217–230. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Publications by Alessio Sancetta

Sancetta, A. (2012) Universality of Bayesian predictions. 'Bayesian Analysis, Vol. 7, No 1, p. 1-36, p. 45-46 (rejoinder)'. This article establishes finite sample bounds for the loss incurred using Bayesian predictions in a variety of settings, including almost arbitrary loss functions, model averaging, predictions in a non-stationary environment and under model misspecification.

Kurov, A., A. Sancetta, G.Strasser, and M. Halova Wolfe (2016) Price drift before U.S. macroeconomic news: private information about public announcements?  This article shows that trading on information leakage of US economic announcements could have taken place since 2008 resulting in profits possibly in the order of hundred of millions in US dollars.

Publications by Vladimir Vovk

Shafer, G. and V. Vovk (2001) Probability and Finance: It's Only a Game! New York : Wiley-Interscience. This book introduces a robust approach to mathematical finance and the foundations of probability. A new edition is forthcoming.

Vovk, V. (2012) Continuous-time trading and the emergence of probability. 'Finance and Stochastics, Vol. 16, No. 4,  p. 561 - 609'. This article introduces a probability-free approach to the study of security prices in idealised financial markets.

Semantic Completions: Unifying the wave and the Particle Views of Information

The main contribution from RIDE to this project is the extension of the theory of algorithmic complexity to probability-free prediction.

Market manipulation and abuse in cryptocurrencies and other electronic markets

The main contribution from RIDE to this project is the definition of market manipulation in a way that can be tested using empirical data. The goal is infer the extent to which electronic markets are prone to illegal practices such as spoofing.

Online Machine Learning for Effective Market Making Pricing and Risk Management Hedging Strategies

This is a joint project with Algolabs: see

You can contact us by emailing:

Explore Royal Holloway

Get help paying for your studies at Royal Holloway through a range of scholarships and bursaries.

There are lots of exciting ways to get involved at Royal Holloway. Discover new interests and enjoy existing ones.

Heading to university is exciting. Finding the right place to live will get you off to a good start.

Whether you need support with your health or practical advice on budgeting or finding part-time work, we can help.

Discover more about our academic departments and schools.

Find out why Royal Holloway is in the top 25% of UK universities for research rated ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’.

Royal Holloway is a research intensive university and our academics collaborate across disciplines to achieve excellence.

Discover world-class research at Royal Holloway.

Discover more about who we are today, and our vision for the future.

Royal Holloway began as two pioneering colleges for the education of women in the 19th century, and their spirit lives on today.

We’ve played a role in thousands of careers, some of them particularly remarkable.

Find about our decision-making processes and the people who lead and manage Royal Holloway today.