EU Screen is a three-year project and started in October 2009, funded by the European Commission, FIAT/IFTA, the European Broadcasting Union and the EDL Foundation. The consortium is comprised of 27 partners from 19 EU member states (plus Switzerland) and 8 associate partners.
Partner organisations in the project include Utrecht University, the National Technical University of Athens, national broadcasters such as the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), Deutsche Welle, Telewizja Polska and the Osterreichische Rundfunk and archives including the British Universities Film and Video Council (BUFVC). EUscreen is the follow-up project of Video Active (opens in a pop-up), an online platform with 10,000 items about the history of European television.
The results of EU Screen will be of interest to schools, universities, media professionals, cultural heritage institutions and the general public, for education and research.
Are ′Sat-navs′ a dangerous distraction for drivers?
With a recent study implicating driver inattention as a factor contributing to 78% of observed vehicle crashes, a team of psychologists at Royal Holloway, University of London and spatial scientists at Lancaster University are examining the potentially dangerous effects of ‘Sat-nav’ in-car navigation systems.
Although there is now legislation aimed at removing some of the likely causes of driver inattention – such as hand-held mobile phones – the effects of other possible distractions have received much less consideration. Dr Polly Dalton, from Royal Holloway, and Dr Pragya Agarwal, of Lancaster University, will be assessing the cognitive impact of ′Sat-nav′ use.
In-car navigation technology has only recently become widespread, and very little research has examined the impacts of such technology on driving.
The researchers have secured funding to run experiments measuring the attentional and memory demands imposed by the task of processing and responding to navigational information. After assessing the types of information drivers receive and the responses they must make while using navigation systems such as ′Sat-navs′, the team will test participants with a computer-based task mimicking the demands imposed by the typical in-car navigation system.
“If we see any worsening of attention or memory performance while people are carrying out the navigation task, this might indicate that the navigation system imposes demands on the participant which could be dangerously distracting”, explains Dr Dalton. “By the end of these experiments, we will be able to provide clear measurements of the ways in which the use of in-car navigation systems might interfere with attention and memory performance.”
The John Adams Institute (opens in a new window) for Accelerator Science is a joint venture between the Physics Department at Royal Holloway and the Nuclear and Particle Physics sub-department at the University of Oxford. It is a Centre of Excellence in the UK for advanced and novel accelerator technology, providing expertise, research, development and training in accelerator techniques, and promoting advanced accelerator applications in science and society. It is also involved with various studies devoted to the realisation of a high energy linear collider, including the International Linear Collider (ILC) and also the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC).
Accelerator science can be applied in applications everywhere, not just in particle physics and can play a key part in projects relating to science, society and industry. Here are a few areas where accelerator science has helped:
- Production of specific radio-isotopes. These can be used in medicine for PET (Positron emission tomography) scans
- Crystallography. Accelerators can be used to determine the spacial and chemical structure of molecules and even watch in real time changes to them
- Non-destructive imaging. This is useful when something fragile is being studied, eg. artworks and archeology
- As a source of targeted radiation. For instance in hadron therapy as a method of treating cancer. Hadron therapy is far less destructive to surrounding tissue than radio therapy.
From subjects to citizens: society and the everyday state in North India and Pakistan, 1947-1964.
Dr Sarah Ansari, Head of the Department of History at Royal Holloway, is collaborating with researchers at the University of Leeds in this three-year research project funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
The project aims to show how comparisons between India and Pakistan provide unique insights into the question of the relative success or failure of the state in this politically sensitive part of the world. There have been few studies on the development of popular, public cultures surrounding the state, and none has been comparative. In effect, histories of India and Pakistan since 1947 have been divided along nation-state lines – a division that artificially separates directly comparable social and political experiences.
This project explores the shift from colonial rule to independence in three sites on the subcontinent - Uttar Pradesh, Sindh, and Hyderabad - with the aim of unravelling the explicit meanings and relevance of 'independence' for the new citizens of India and Pakistan in the two decades immediately following 1947.
The project website acts not only as a repository for examples of primary research material collected as part of the project but also as a sharing resource for works in progress.