Religion, Culture and Society in Europe, 1000-1250
Value: half unit
Prof. Peregrine Horden
Taught through weekly lectures and weekly follow-up seminars
2-hour exam (70%), best one of two coursework essays (30%)
The period c.1000–1250 in Europe saw many key developments that would shape the continent’s history for centuries to come: the establishment of universities and of the Inquisition, the persecution of heretics and other religious minorities (Jewish and Muslim) and of perceived sexual deviants, the multiplication of orders of monks and the invention of the friars, the growth of vernacular literature (especially focused on the court of King Arthur), the spread of Gothic art and architecture – all this underpinned by massive population increase and growing international trade. The approach of the course is firmly comparative, and the geographical scope is wide: from the British Isles to the Crusader States. Building on the overview of major themes and historiographical debates in the lectures, the seminars will be devoted to reading and discussing primary sources in translation for each of the course’s ten topics.