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Open Access FAQs

In these FAQs you will find answers relating to OA and the compliance terms of the REF and the Royal Holloway OA policy.

Last updated: April 2016

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AHRC: Arts and Humanities Research Council.

APC: Article Processing Charge. The fee a publisher charges to cover the production costs of an article. Sometimes it is referred as Article Publication Charge.

BBRSC: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. Block grant, RCUK: The amount of money RCUK have allocated to UK HEIs to cover article processing charges (APCs).

Copyright: The term copyright refers to the exclusive legal rights that the creator of a work is granted for a fixed number of years that regulates the use of his work.

Creative Commons (CC): A nonprofit organisation that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools.

Creative Commons Licenses: Creative Commons Licenses allow the owners of the material to license their work and choose the rights they would like to keep for themselves and the rights that they would like to wait to the public.

EPSRC: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

Green OA: Open access delivered through repositories, either subject or institutional.

Gold OA: Open access delivered through journals.

MRC: Medical Research Council.

NERC: Natural Environmental Research Council.

Open Access (OA): Online, free of cost access to scientific literature. Sometimes, open access scientific literature is also free of copyright and licensing restrictions.

Post-print: The version of a paper before it has been through the peer-review process.

Pre-print: The version of the paper after the peer-review process.

Publisher’s PDF: The final PDF version of an article as it appears on the publisher’s website.

Pure: Royal Holloway’s research information system which allows all research staff to store information about their publications, funding and other research activities, upload documents to the institutional repository, and create personal research profiles visible on Royal Holloway website. For more information on Pure please see Pure support pages.

RCUK: Research Councils UK.

Repository: A place where data, full-text documents and a variety of other digital objects can be deposited and retrieved via the internet.

Research Data Management (RDM): RDM is the management of data which is collected, observed, or created for purposes of analysing to produce original research results.

Royal Holloway Research Online (RHRO): The Royal Holloway institutional repository.

Self-archiving: The process of providing work open access by depositing in a repository, either institutional or subject.

SHERPA/FACT: Tool to check which journals comply with funders’ requirements

SHERPA/Juliet: Tool to check funders’ requirements for depositing research data

SHERPA/RoMEO: Tool to check publishers’ policies on copyright and self-archiving

STFC: Science and Technology Facilities Council

Version 1, 2, 3: Some publishers use these terms to refer to a manuscript’s version. Version 1 refers to the author’s pre-print, Version 2 refers to the author’s post-print, or accepted manuscript, and Version 3 refers to Publisher’s version/PDF, or Final Published Version.




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