Value half unit
Prof. Helen Graham
Taught through weekly
lectures and weekly follow-up seminars
Best Essay of 2 (30%) and 2-hour Exam (70%)
This course examines the difficult years of the early 20th century in Spain. It seeks to explain the causes of Spain's superstructural instability by looking not only 'top-down' at political tensions and economic contradictions, but also 'bottom-up' at the social and cultural fragmentation of Spain during this period. Main topics covered in this term include: clientelism and state power under the Restoration Monarchy; the loss of empire and the crisis of the old regime; Basque and Catalan nationalisms; industrialisation and the making of the working class; anarchism and peasant rebellion; the politics of Catholicism; anticlericalism; the rule of the army; social reform and mass mobilisation in the 1930s; civil war.