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More in this section Second-Year Courses

Spain, 1898-1939


Value half unit


Prof. Helen Graham


Taught through weekly lectures and weekly follow-up seminars


Best Essay of 2 (30%) and 2-hour Exam (70%)

This course examines the difficult years of the early 20th century in Spain. It seeks to explain the causes of Spain's superstructural instability by looking not only 'top-down' at political tensions and economic contradictions, but also 'bottom-up' at the social and cultural fragmentation of Spain during this period. Main topics covered in this term include: clientelism and state power under the Restoration Monarchy; the loss of empire and the crisis of the old regime; Basque and Catalan nationalisms; industrialisation and the making of the working class; anarchism and peasant rebellion; the politics of Catholicism; anticlericalism; the rule of the army; social reform and mass mobilisation in the 1930s; civil war.


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