Royal Holloway, University of London<white space>Department of English



Old English Vocabulary

List 1

 
 
beag (m) ring, treasure  meotod (m) creator, god
beadu (f) battle  mod (n) mind, spirit, courage, pride
burg (f) fortress, fortified town  reord (f/n) voice, speech, language
cyning (m) king regn (m) rain
dæg (m) day rice (n) kingdom, empire, power
eard (m) land, home, dwelling rim (n) number, count
ellen (m) courage, valour  rinc (m) man, warrior
facen (n) deceit, crime sawol (f) soul
firas (m.pl.) men, mankind sæ (m/f) sea
hæleþ (m) warrior, man, hero scield (m) shield
heafod (m/n) head tid (f) time, hour 
heall (f) hall, residence treow (f) trust, fidelity; treaty
ieldu (f) age, old age þegn (m) retainer, thane
lagu (m) water, sea wæg (m) wave
  
 



 
wesan & beon to be
 Present Indicative
 
ic eom we sindon /sint
þu eart  ge sindon /sint
he is  hie sindon /sint
 
 
ic beo we beoþ
þu bist  ge beoð
hit biþ  hie beoþ
 
Past Indicative
 
ic wæs we wæron
þu wære  ge wæron
hio wæs  hie wæron
 
 
Imperative
 
wes wesaþ
beo beoþ
 

Present Subjunctive
 
ic sie  we sien
þu sie ge sien
hit sie  hie sien 
 
ic beo we beon
þu beo ge beon 
he beo hie beon 

 

Past Subjunctive
 
ic wære we wæren 
þu wære ge wæren 
hio wære  hie wæren 
 

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Page created by Dr Jennifer Neville
Last updated 2 July 1999