Royal Holloway, University of London<white space>Department of English

Old English Prepositions
æfter [+dat/acc] after
ær [+dat(acc)] before
æt [+dat] at, by
beforan [+dat/acc] in front of
be [+dat(acc)] by, alongside
betweox [+dat/acc] between
butan [+dat/acc] except, without
eac [+dat] in addition to
for [+dat/acc] in front of; because of
fram [+dat] from, by
geond [+acc(dat)] throughout
mid [+dat/acc] with, by means of
of [+dat] from, of
ongean [+dat/acc] against, towards
[+acc(dat)] up to, until
togeanes [+dat] against, towards
þurh [+acc(dat/gen)] through, by means of
wiþ [+acc/dat/gen] toward, opposite, against
ymb(e) [+acc(dat)] after, about

The following prepositions take the ‘accusative of motion’ and ‘dative of rest’:

binnan within, into
bufan above, upon
in in, into
innan in, within
ofer above, over, on
on in, into, on
under under, beneath
To has many distinctions: to [+gen] at, for, to such an extent, so
to [+dat] towards, to, at, near
to [+dat] as (eg. ‘to frofre’ = as a comfort)
to [+acc] towards
to can also mean ‘too

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Page created by Dr Jennifer Neville
Last updated 2 July 1999