Studying Economics, Politics and International Relations at Royal Holloway means that you will learn from internationally renowned experts at two of the UK’s top ten teaching and research centres. This joint degree combines the core programme of the Economics degree with foundation and option courses offered by Politics and International Relations. These disciplines have many natural affinities between them, and their synergies lend themselves well to students who are interested in pursuing careers in various policy fields as well as in the areas of politics/international relations and economics generally, in both the public and private sectors. This combined with the broad spectrum of transferable skills gained will lead to excellent career prospects.
This course coves a complete education in the theories and methods of economics, with a strong focus on analytical methods. You will develop skills in mathematics and statistics and learn to tackle economic problems; cover political ideas and processes in countries throughout the world and the global system which will allow you to examine issues fundamental to our times. The curriculum is advanced and reflects the most recent research in both disciplines.
Our balanced approach to research and teaching guarantees high quality teaching from subject leaders, cutting edge materials and intellectually challenging debates. Our courses follow a coherent and developmental structure which we combined with an effective and flexible approach to study.
- Excellent career prospects; both economics and politics and international relations have has an impressive employment record and graduates’ starting salaries are amongst the highest in the country.
- Flexibility to specialise in areas, including: financial crises, economics of life, economics history as well both traditional areas of political science – including institutional politics within states – and new areas of inquiry – such as the role of new media in politics.
- Quality research and teaching;one of only two Economics departments in the country placed in the top ten for both research and student satisfaction and our Politics & International Relations department is 10th in the UK for research intensity and has over 91% overall student satisfaction (Research Assessment Exercise, 2014 and National Student Survey 2015).
Economics: Principles of Economics
You will gain an understanding of the basic theories of microeconomics (the behaviour of individuals and firms) and macroeconomics (the behaviour of the economy as a whole and relations). In macroeconomics you will learn about circular flow; the goods market; money, bonds, income, and interest; fiscal policy; monetary policy; aggregate demand and supply; the Phillips curve; and long term growth. Discussions will take place on the current financial / debt crisis and the inflation-unemployment trade-off. In microeconomics you will learn about supply and demand; elasticity; theories of the consumer and the firm; and market structures.
Economics: Quantitative Methods of Economics 1
In this module you will become familiar with the basic mathematical, quantitative, computing and statistical tools for the study of Economics.
The core modules in Politics are:
Introduction to Politics and Government
This module will introduce you to the academic study of politics and to the ‘real world’ of contemporary politics. As a foundational course, it will give you all the essential tools to understand the nature of politics and analyse the way different political systems work. You will be introduced to key concepts such as politics, power, rights, ideologies, democracy and representation, and will learn about the different actors, institutions and processes that make up politics today.
Introduction to International Relations
This module offers a broad introduction to theory and history in international relations since 1870. You will look at a variety of different theoretical lenses, ranging from orthodox to critical perspectives, in order to understand events from the collapse of the Bismarckian European order and the origins of World War 1 to the contemporary War on Terror. Along the way you will also explore the origins and the end of the Cold War, decolonisation and the End of Empire, the rise of international institutions, humanitarian intervention and new security issues.
This module covers microeconomic analysis and policy. You will be introduced to analytical tools for studying the behaviour of individuals and firms across a range of economic settings. Topics include optimisation of consumer and firm problems; strategic interactions between firms in different non-competitive environments; choice under uncertainty; intertemporal decisions; and general equilibrium theory. For each topic, real world applications will show how models are used to examine complex issues, make predictions and prescribe policy. You will also study the features of economies that give rise to desirable market outcomes under different welfare criteria in conjunction with situations that result in market failures.
This module covers macroeconomic theory and policy. You will develop an understanding of macroeconomics at the intermediate level, considering the determinants of aggregate variables such as unemployment, investment, consumption, interest rates, inflation, exchange rates and the balance of trade (net exports). Topics include the goods and financial markets and the Hicks-Hansen (IS-LM) model in the short run; aggregate supply, the labour market and the Aggregate Demand – Aggregate Supply (AD-AS) model in the medium run; the Phillips curve, disinflation and Okun’s law; Economic growth and the Solow model; consumption and investment theory and the role of expectations in the IS-LM model; open economy, exchange rate regimes and Mundell-Fleming model; hyperinflation, financial crises and the euro zone; and fiscal policy, monetary policy, and the practice of policy making.
All modules are optional
In addition to these mandatory course units there are a number of optional course units available during your degree studies. The following is a selection of optional course units that are likely to be available. Please note that although the College will keep changes to a minimum, new units may be offered or existing units may be withdrawn, for example, in response to a change in staff. Applicants will be informed if any significant changes need to be made.
Only core modules are taken
Optional modules in Politics include:
European Union - Politics and Theory
Comparative European Politics and Institutions
International Relations Theory
Introduction to Global Studies
Democracy in Britain
Contemporary Political Theory
International Political Economy
The Politics of Migration and Ethnicity
Empire and Decolonisation
War and Security in World Politics
Modern Political Thought
The Politics of Human Rights
Introduction to Political Communication
Economics: Industrial Economics
Economics: Financial Economics
Economics: Understanding Financial Crises
Economics: Environmental Economics
Economics: Economics of Warfare
Economics: Experimental Economics
Economics: Monetary Economics
Economics: Topics In Game Theory
Economics: Financial Econmetrics
Economics: Labour Economics
Economics: Philosophy of Economics
Economics: Public Economics
Economics: Topics in Economics History
Economics: Topics in Development Economics
Economics: Advanced Topics in Game Theory
Economics: Economics of Inequality
Optional modules in Politics include:
Public Policy and Foreign Policy in the European Union
The Politics of the Internet and the Information Society
The Politics of Modern Germany
Radical Political Theory
The British in India - a Social and Political History
The Politics of Toleration
Social Justice - From Theory to Practice
Contemporary Middle East Politics
Comparative Democracy and Elections
US Foreign Policy
Issues in Democratic Theory
Advanced Readings in Global Studies
Comparative Foreign Policy
The Making of Modern South Asia
Gendered Communities - Women and Nationalism in the Middle East, North Africa and South Asia
Advanced Seminar in British Politics
Transational Security Studies
Resistance to Global Governance
The Politics of Africa
Defence in the Post-Cold War World
Thinking Security - The Theory, Politics and Practice of Security
War and its Aftermath
Chinese Foreign and Security Policy
Statecraft and Diplomacy
Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Understanding China's Rise
Conflict and Law
Teaching is mostly by means of lectures and seminars, the latter providing a forum for students to work through problem sets and applications in a smaller and more interactive setting. Outside of scheduled teaching sessions, students work independently, or collaboratively, researching, reading and preparing for seminars.
Assessment is usually carried out by end of year examinations as well as class tests and assignments. Final year students can choose to complete an extended essay, which offers students the chance to conduct an original piece of research.
The results of the first year examinations qualify students for entry to the second year but do not contribute to the final degree award. The second and final year results do contribute to the final degree result, with the final year work counting for a larger proportion of the result.
Required: A-level Maths, or GSCE Maths grade A if Maths not taken to A-level.
At least five GCSE passes at grades A* to C.
Other UK Qualifications
6,5,5 at Higher Level subjects including Maths with 32 points overall. 5 in Standard Level Maths or 6 in Standard Level Maths Methods is acceptable if Maths not taken to Higher Level
|BTEC Extended Diploma
Distinction, Distinction, Distinction in a relevant subject plus grade A in GCSE Maths
|BTEC National Extended Diploma
Distinction, Distinction in a relevant subject plus an A-Level grade B and grade A in GCSE Maths
|BTEC National Extended Certificate
Distinction in a relevant subject plus A-Level grades BB including Maths, or grade A in GCSE Maths
Requirements are as for A-levels where one non-subject-specified A-level can be replaced by the same grade in the Welsh Baccalaureate Advanced Level Core.
|Scottish Advanced Highers
AB plus Highers at published level
AABBB including Maths plus Advanced Higher requirements
|Irish Leaving Certificate
H2,H2,H3,H3,H3 including Maths
|Access to Higher Education Diploma
Pass with at least 30 level 3 credits at Distinction and 15 level 3 credits at Merit PLUS GCSE Maths grade A.
Other UK qualifications
Please select your UK qualification from the drop-down list below
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International and EU entry requirements
Please select your country from the drop-down list below
IELTS 6.5 overall with 6.0 in both Reading and Writing and no lower than 5.5 in every other subscore. For equivalencies please see here.
For more information about entry requirements for your country please visit our International pages. For international students who do not meet the direct entry requirements, we offer an International Foundation Year, run by Study Group at the Royal Holloway International Study Centre. Upon successful completion, students can progress on to selected undergraduate degree programmes at Royal Holloway, University of London.
An Economics, Politics and International Relations degree at Royal Holloway will equip you with an enviable range of transferable skills which combined with the knowledge gained, will make you highly employable. It can lead to a broad range of careers in both the private and public sectors and also for professional training in areas such as law, accountancy and management.
We will help students to recognise their own strengths, skills and abilities so that they can make strong applications for their chosen job or further study.
- Our graduates are highly employable; 9)% of graduates achieved either full time employment or further study within six months
- Politics and International Relations are ranked in the top ten UK university Politics departments for career prospects.
- In recent years, graduates entered many different roles in the Civil Service, accountancy, investment banking, management, journalism, broadcasting, computing, higher education, teaching, and politics and diplomacy themselves.
Our outstanding record of success for work and further study puts Royal Holloway in the top 10 for graduate career prospects (Complete University Guide, 2015). It goes to show that our degree programmes not only promote academic achievement but also the means to hone the life-skills necessary to excel, post-graduation.
Choosing to include a politics based degree into your studies at Royal Holloway provides you with a wide range of important transferable skills, enabling you to approach problems in a rigorous, analytical and critical way and to communicate clearly and concisely in both speech and writing. Our graduates leave us with skills and knowledge that not only makes them attractive to employers in a broad spectrum of careers, but prepares them for further advanced study and research.
Many of our graduates also go on to further study, entering postgraduate programmes both at Royal Holloway and at other prestigious institutions around the world. In fact, six-months after graduation, 90% of our most recent graduates are enhancing their skills with further study or forging careers in companies and institutions such as:
- The Church of England
- The Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative
- The Conservative Party
- Ernst & Young
- The European Commission
- Global Capital
- HM Treasury
- The Henry Jackson Society
- House of Commons
- Ipsos MORI
- The Labour Party
- NATO Headquarters
- Oxford Business Group
- Proctor & Gamble
- Save the Children
Home and EU students tuition fee per year 2017/18*: £9,250
International students tuition fee per year 2017/18**: £15,600
Other essential costs***: There are no single associated costs greater than £50 per item on this course
How do I pay for it? Find out more.
*Tuition fees for UK and EU nationals starting a degree in the academic year 2017/18 will be £9,250 for that year. This amount is subject to the UK Parliament approving a change to fee and loan regulations that has been proposed by the UK Government. In the future, should the proposed changes to fee and loan regulations allow it, Royal Holloway reserves the right to increase tuition fees for UK and EU nationals annually. If relevant UK legislation continues to permit it, Royal Holloway will maintain parity between the tuition fees charged to UK and EU students for the duration of their degree studies.
**Royal Holloway reserves the right to increase tuition fees for international fee paying students annually. Tuition fees are unlikely to rise more than 5 per cent each year. For further information on tuition fees please see Royal Holloway’s Terms & Conditions.
***These estimated costs relate to studying this particular degree programme at Royal Holloway. Costs, such as accommodation, food, books and other learning materials and printing etc., have not been included.