ML1203 Reading Texts: Criticism for Comparative Literature
Terms 1 and 2 (30 credits)
Convenor: Dr Danielle Sands
Tutors: Dr Danielle Sands and Dr Ruth Cruickshank
In this course, students will be introduced to the theory, history, and practice of Comparative Literature. We will read a variety of historically, geographically, culturally, and stylistically diverse texts, asking questions such as:
- How should we read?
- Which texts are worth reading?
- What is an author?
- How can we compare texts from different time periods and cultures?
- Should we read texts in translation?
- What is genre and does it help or hinder our reading?
We will read a selection of extracts and whole texts. These will be drawn widely from authors such as Assia Djebar, Gustave Flaubert, Homer, Valmiki, Elizabeth Cook, Haruki Murakami, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Edward Said, Emily Apter and Virginia Woolf so that students will develop a capacity for comparative literary appreciation by identifying, reflecting on, comparing and contrasting the strategies used across genres, cultures, and time periods. All passages from non-English-language works will be given in translation.
In advance of your arrival in September, please purchase:
Homer, The Iliad, trans. by Stephen Mitchell (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson: 2011)
All passages from non-English-language works will be given in translation.
(Assessed by coursework).
ML1204: Tales of the City: Introduction to Thematic Analysis
Convenor: Dr Jon Hughes
Co-tutor: Dr James Kent
Society and culture in the last century have been decisively shaped by the city and by the experience of the urban. By examining this fascinating location, its geography and topography, its traffic and networks, its development, changes and expansions, its practical and symbolic functions, we begin to ask larger questions about modernity and culture in general. This course introduces students to this topic through a range of literary texts, films and photographs and theoretical texts responding to aspects of the city. Perspectives on cities including Berlin, Paris, New York and Havana will be examined comparatively. Participants will develop skills of comparison and analysis, and reflect on important questions relating to space and identity, public and private spheres, migration, postcolonialism, and alterity.
All passages from non-English-language works will be given in translation
(Assessed by coursework.)
Literary texts will include:
Irmgard Keun, The Artificial Silk Girl (1931), trans. Katharina von Ankum (Other Press, 2011; extract provided on Moodle)
John Cheever, ‘O City of Broken Dreams’ (1948) [short story, provided on Moodle]
Non-fiction texts (photography) will include:
Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives (1890) [available on-line]
Brassaï, Paris by Night (1933) [extracts provided on Moodle]
Set films will include:
Berlin: Symphony of a Great City, dir. Walter Ruttmann (1927)
CLC Core Courses (for ALL students)
ML2206: Histories of Representation
Comparing short stories from different periods and geographical areas is a great way of exploring how literature evolves structurally and thematically in response to different ideas and contexts. In this course we read short stories from the eighteenth century to the present day, by writers such as Hoffmann, Poe, Chekhov, Maupassant, Mansfield, Borges, Calvino and Rushdie to discover what structural and symbolic elements characterize major movements of Western art including the Enlightenment, Romanticism, Realism, Modernism and Postmodernism. (Assessed by coursework and exam.)
ML2207: Critical and Comparative Approaches
How do we read texts? This is the simple but profound question underlying this course, which explores the major trends and currents in post-war Western literary and cultural theory. Through references to philosophy, psychoanalysis, and the history of post-colonialism, it will show concretely how the practice of critical reading is always informed by issues of sexuality, race and gender. The primary set text will provide models of different types of theory applied to literary texts, and you will have the chance to develop directly new critical skills through individual and group reading of chosen material. (Assessed by coursework.)
CLC Core Options (students take at least TWO including):
ML2205: A Special Theme in the European Novel: Transgressions
This course studies a selection of iconic twentieth-century texts which are about the experience and impact of overwhelming sexual desire. Desire in these texts is always transgressive. But how is such transgression presented? Is it liberating or destructive? Can it be both? How does the reader relate to the protagonists and their illicit desires? Are we invited to take sides, apportion blame or sit in judgment? These are just some of the questions which will be explored in this revealing and risqué course. (Assessed by coursework and exam.)
ML2403: Gender and Clothing in Twentieth-Century Literature and Culture
How is gender expressed, maintained, or challenged by clothing? What part does fashion play in cultural representations? In this course you will study a variety of texts in which clothing and gender are closely linked. You will be introduced to a range of experimental and challenging twentieth-century texts - including novels, visual artworks, and films - from Anglophone, Francophone and German-language contexts, encouraging you to think critically and comparatively about the place of clothing in culture and society. (Assessed by coursework.)
ML2305: Deviance, Defiance and Disorder in Early Modern Spanish and French Literature
This course introduces students to a range of important texts and authors, both canonical and non-canonical, from early modern Spain and France. Yet it does so through a selection of outsider figures – characters whose aberrant or idiosyncratic identity, outlook, or behaviour sets them at odds with their society. The characters on this course thus challenge some of society’s most deeply entrenched but often unwritten codes – of reason, gender, decorum, sexuality, class, and religion – and can thus offer important insights into the workings and values of the society whose norms they transgress. As we shall see, though, the treatment of such figures can vary widely. Whereas the outsider’s departure from the norm is often apparently ridiculed or censured, it can sometimes be celebrated or rehabilitated – whether by other characters within the fiction or by the literary work itself. Indeed, the period’s fascination with marginal or transgressive characters and behaviour betrays throughout a deep unease about the validity of its own norms and standards.
ML2302: Visual Arts II: Genres and Movements
What characterises genres such as Landscape Art, Portraiture, History Painting, Religious Art, Satire and Caricature, or Abstraction? By studying a selection of particular movements ('Portraying rulers in Renaissance Italy', for example, or 'The Art of the Votive Offering: Personal objects of devotion in Early Modern Spain', or 'Expressionism in 20th century Germany'), students explore key phases in the development of the visual culture of Europe and Latin America and analyse the artists' principal stylistic and theoretical concerns, their interaction and development, and their significance within a variety of cultural contexts. (Assessed by coursework and exam.)
ML2101: International Film II: Readings and Representations
Is there a correct way to read a film? Following on from your first-year core courses, this module takes a range of innovative, international films since the 1970s to show how film theory can open up new ways of reading films as both 'texts' and forms of representation. Close, critical analysis of aspects of film form and style, genre, the cinematic apparatus, spectatorship, and context (including recent film movements such as 'Dogme') will allow you to engage directly with cinematic articulations of modern history (Second World War, the Holocaust, postcolonialism), the politics of language and national identity, globalisation and transmigration, and issues of gender and sexuality. The course will also deepen your understanding of international cinema by exploring the specific notion of 'European' and 'non-European\' film (e.g. Hollywood, Latin American) within a more general discussion of European and American/Latin American history and culture. Films studied include Life is Beautiful, Ali: Fear Eats the Soul, Hidden, City of God, Biutiful and The Orphanage. (Assessed by coursework.)
PLUS choose FOUR CLC Options for CLC Single Honours and TWO for CLC Major
CLC CORE OPTIONS (students take at least TWO including):*
ML3204: The Gothic Mode in Spanish and English Fiction
This course is divided into two halves, each devoted to a staple of the Gothic mode. The first term concentrates on vampire fiction in English and Spanish, including Bram Stoker's Dracula among other classics; the second term is devoted to the dual theme of madness and the imprisonment of women, exploring, for example, the presentation of causality and the implications of this for gender studies. Whilst the Gothic is too big and baggy to cover comprehensively in a half-unit, you will have gained an understanding of what it encompasses and how and why it functions and is so endlessly popular by the end of the course. (Assessed by coursework and exam.)
ML3202: From Aestheticism to the Avant-Garde
This course examines in depth, and in relation to each other, artistic and literary movements prevalent in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Italy and France. You will be introduced to key figures such as Gabriele d’Annunzio, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, French poets Rimbaud, Mallarmé, Apollinaire and Reverdy and study their work as examples of certain approaches to art and literature. We analyze in detail the contribution of the Italian Futurist movement and the French Cubo-Futurist, Dada and Surrealist movements to a variety of artistic disciplines, especially poetry, drama, painting, and cinema, in both Italy and Europe. (Assessed by coursework and exam.)
ML3207: Transnationalism, Diaspora and Globalization in Contemporary Film
This course explores cinematic representations of the transnational encounter between people, cultures and institutions interconnected by the forces of globalization. The topics covered range from (anti-)colonialism and revolution to postcoloniality and migration. Attention is also paid to the ways in which the films deal with the themes of emancipation, hybridity, displacement, globalism and cosmopolitanism. It involves the study of the counter-hegemonic films of Third Worldism and Third Cinema; West African cinema and the impact of globalization on postcolonial countries such as Senegal and Mali; Turkish-German identities dealt with in diasporic films; and films on migration and explores the life of the Chinese community in Italy and migrants’ journeys over the Mediterranean and into Italy. (Assessed by coursework.)
ML3212: Humans and Other Animals in Twenty-First Century Fiction and Thought
In this course, we will examine representations of human and animal life in twenty-first century fiction and thought. We will consider the ways in which the human-animal relation informs ideas of human identity, and explore the different literary techniques employed to represent animal life. We will ask questions such as: what does it mean to be human? What is the difference between animals and humans? And how can we understand and represent animal experience?
The course will be divided into five key topics:
Anthropomorphism and the limits of the human
Life, matter and agency
Posthumanism and metamorphosis
Each topic will comprise a novel and a short theoretical text drawn from a range of cultural, theoretical and geographical backgrounds. We will identify the literary and theoretical questions arising from these texts and critically and comparatively evaluate the different approaches to the human-animal relation. (Assessed by coursework)
ML3209: Colonizers, Creoles and Exiles: Comparative Postcolonial Literature
This course explores the way in which western and non-western cultures and literatures have been shaped by the legacies of colonialism. Topics covered will range from colonial oppression and racism to postcolonial identity and hybridity, as well as dictatorship, slavery, exile and civil war. The course will focus on literary texts different cultural areas, including Central Africa, India, the Caribbean, East Africa and Europe. The course will thus compare, on the one hand, colonial and postcolonial texts and, on the other, different cultural areas. It will bring together and deepen many of the insights that you have gained in previous years, while giving you the opportunity to reflect more rigorously and systematically on issues such as the relationship between literature and politics, or between texts and their contexts. (Assessed by coursework.)
ML3205: Trends in Contemporary Theory
What is ‘theory’? How can different theories help us make sense of the world? This course will offer an overview of key trends in contemporary thought, covering, among other topics, structuralism, deconstruction, Marxism, ecocriticism, gender theory, memory studies, and ethics. Throughout the course, you will come into contact with some of the most challenging and exciting ideas of recent times, and develop your ability to think critically and originally. (Assessed by coursework and exam.)
* at least three of these run each year
PLUS your choice of CLC Options/further CLC Core courses: SIX for CLC Single Honours; FOUR for CLC Major, and TWO for CLC Joint Honours.